A Comprehensive Guide to Crown Material

Dental crowns are one of the most effective solutions for restoring damaged teeth. Understanding the various crown materials is crucial in making an informed decision about oral health. Furthermore, in this detailed guide, we will look at the different crown materials used in modern dentistry, their advantages, and how to choose the best one for your needs. This information will be invaluable if you’re considering dental crowns in Toronto.


Read More: Understanding Dental Crowns: What Are They And Why Are They Used?

Types of Crown Materials

Porcelain Crowns

Porcelain crowns are known for their natural appearance, making them ideal for front teeth. Moreover, they have the translucent appearance of natural teeth and can be colour-matched to your existing teeth. However, they may not be as long-lasting as other crown materials for back teeth, where the bite force is higher.


  • Exceptional visual appeal
  • Biocompatible, minimizing allergic reactions
  • Excellent for visible front teeth



  • Less durable than other materials
  • More susceptible to chipping or cracking

Porcelain-Fused-to-Metal (PFM) Crowns

Porcelain-fused-to-metal (PFM) crowns combine porcelain’s aesthetic appeal with metal’s durability. The metal structure ensures longevity, while the porcelain coating creates a natural appearance. These crowns are versatile and suitable for both front and back teeth.


  • Durable and robust
  • Aesthetically pleasing with a natural appearance
  • Suitable for all teeth



  • Metal may be visible as a dark line at the gum line.
  • Porcelain can chip or wear down over time.

Gold Alloy Crowns

Gold alloy crowns are well-known for their strength and also durability. While this crown material does not match the natural tooth colour, it is highly durable and causes less wear on the opposing teeth. In addition, gold crowns are frequently used for back teeth, where bite pressure is greatest.


  • High durability and strength
  • Minimal wear to opposing teeth
  • Biocompatible and gentle on surrounding teeth



  • Highly noticeable due to the metallic colour
  • More expensive compared to other materials
Types of Crown Materials

Base Metal Alloy Crowns

Base metal alloy crowns comprise non-noble metals, which provide high corrosion and wear resistance. These crowns are less expensive than gold alloy crowns and more durable, making them an excellent option for molars.


  • Superior durability and strength
  • Cost-effective
  • Minimal tooth reduction is required



  • Less aesthetic appeal due to the metallic colour
  • Potential for allergic reactions in some patients

Zirconia Crowns

Zirconia crowns are a modern option that combines metal’s strength with porcelain’s beauty. Additionally, they are made of zirconium dioxide, a long-lasting crown material that can be colour-matched to your natural teeth. Because of their strength and aesthetic appeal, zirconia crowns suit both front and rear teeth.


  • High durability and strength
  • Natural appearance with high aesthetic value
  • Biocompatible and wear-resistant



  • More expensive than other materials
  • Can be abrasive to opposing teeth if not polished properly

Choosing the Best Crown Material

When choosing the ideal crown material for your needs, consider the following:

  1. Tooth Location: Front teeth benefit from more aesthetically pleasing materials such as porcelain or zirconia, while back teeth require more robust materials such as gold alloy or PFM.
  2. Bite Force: Durable materials such as zirconia or gold alloy are best if you have a strong bite or grind your teeth.
  3. Aesthetic Preferences: Porcelain, zirconia, and PFM crowns provide a natural appearance.
  4. Allergies and Sensitivities: Consider biocompatible materials for metal allergies.
  5. Cost: Balance your budget with the benefits and longevity of the material.


Also Read: The Main Difference Between Veneers And Crowns

Consult with Your Dentist

Your dentist will assist you in selecting the suitable crown material depending on your dental needs and preferences. They will assess your teeth condition, bite, and aesthetic goals before recommending the best choice.

Choosing the suitable crown material is essential for ensuring the longevity and aesthetics of your dental restoration. Whether you choose porcelain, PFM, gold alloy, base metal alloy, or zirconia, each material has distinct advantages that cater to different purposes. Understanding the benefits and drawbacks of each crown material allows you to make an informed choice that is optimal for your oral health and lifestyle. Furthermore, consult a dental dentist at Dental Land in Summerhill, Ontario, to ensure you receive the best care and advice tailored to your specific requirements.

Contact Dental Land today to learn more or to schedule a consultation. We are here to deliver exceptional dental care and assist you in achieving a healthy, beautiful smile.

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